All you need to know about the Internet Of Things (IoT)
Internet Of Things has been creating buzz for decades now. Yet, many of us are still confused about what it is. In this article, we will uncover everything you must know about IoT and how it impacts our life.
Infact, IOT is everywhere, and we all have used it. Even though, we don’t necessarily recognise that it is the IoT we are using.
How many internet connected devices do you use in your typical day ?
If you are waking up with a Smart Alarm which is connected to your mobile, you are starting your day with IoT! The Smart Watch you use tells you the exact hours you slept compared to the previous days. You get ready to go to the office and suddenly the thought pops up to check today’s weather.
And whom to ask, obviously Alexa!
When Alexa says it is cold weather outside, you turn on the heater in your car just by using your smartphone.
All these shows that in a day you are using multitude of devices which are connected to the internet that lets you control almost everything. The technology behind it is called ‘Internet Of Things (IoT).’
From your Apple Watches to wearable fitness trackers like Fitbit, and voice assistants like Siri and Alexa, we are part of the IoT in our everyday life.
What is the Internet Of Things (IoT) ?
In simple words, the Internet Of Things (IoT) is all about connecting hardware devices to the internet, which enable these objects to collect and exchange data. The primary goal of IoT is to enhance the capabilities of normal everyday products or devices. From our day to day life to business, and even in our national security, IoT has become an unavoidable technology.
The term Internet Of Things was first coined by Kevin Ashton in1999, during his work at Procter & Gamble. Earlier this idea was called “Persuasive Computing” or “Embedded Internet”. Ashton, while introducing a new technology called RFID, called his presentation “Internet of things”.
According to CISCO systems, the real beginning of IoT started somewhere between 2008 and 2009, and they say that IoT devices are outnumbering the human population.
But the actual idea of IoT has been there long since the ’70s. However, the interesting fact is that the history of IoT devices began with a coke machine!
Little Known Story About The First IoT Device
In 1970, students and faculties at Carnegie Mellon University decided to find a solution to the empty coke machine that happens due to high coke consumption. They used to consume 120 coca-cola products per day. To save time and trouble, they decided to install microswitches inside the coke machine to sense how many bottles were available.
The software they created tracked how many bottles were loaded so that the students and faculty got the information about the availability of soft drinks. This helped them to stay off from the long queue in front of the empty coke machine. The connected nature of this coke machine is considered an early example of IoT.
Interesting Facts About IoT
5 Real-Life Examples of Internet Of Things
Imagine waking up to the aroma of the coffee, not to the boring sound of your bedside alarm, along with curtains getting parted by themselves inviting soft morning sunrays. And you are getting a mini massage from your mattress to energise you. You are waking up all rested because of the sleep sensor that gave you a deep sleep. Once you wake up, your voice assistant tells you the weather, reminding you of important meetings, tasks and also to call your best friend as it’s her birthday today.
All these are the features of Smart Home using the IoT technology. Smart Home is all about simplifying lives with connected devices. It is predicted that Smart Homes will outnumber SmartPhones in near future.
With Smart Home technology, you can switch on the air conditioners of your home even before you reach home. Forgot to close your window ? You can close it with just the few taps on your Smartphone. Amazing, isn’t ?
Face recognition technology embedded in Smart Home, can tell you who is at your doorstep even without opening the door. Smart Home also helps you to save time, energy, water and other essentials, as it controls everything on your behalf, just like a human.
Remember “Make it wearable” challenge by Intel ?
Wearable devices are reshaping the lives of the common man. Be it health, fitness or entertainment, wearables are everywhere.
It is particularly shaping the healthcare industry by producing wearables to track diabetes, stroke, heart attacks etc. The modern wearables embedded in IoT can even track depression of an individual. It can also provide emergency care to the elderly.
Wearable IoT devices usually work on WiFi, Bluetooth or cellular connectivity. It is embedded with sensors and software that collects and exchanges data. With the growth of IoT we can expect more iterations of wearable devices in the future.
Smart city means connected cities. It is made up of IoT devices such as sensors, lights and meters to collect and exchange data. It helps in improving infrastructure and public utilities.
For example, smart meters allow us to track our energy consumption, whereas Smart grids help in resource conservation. Smart grid in Amsterdam is offering home energy storage and solar panels for households.
Smart waste management is another concept of Smart cities that tells users which items to be composted or recycled, and it also sends the results of their recycling via messages.
Smart cars or connected cars are connected over an IoT network called CV2X (cellular vehicle to everything) which interconnects vehicles and smart transport systems. Cars connected using IoT technology will report the users about the condition of the car, gasoline, maintenance, road map etc which will help to save energy, time and many more.
IoT is transforming retail stores into smart stores. IoT enables the stores to obtain data about customer’s tastes, needs and habits in real-time. It also helps them to predict consumer behaviour so as to provide them with the products and services they need.
They also use WiFi foot-traffic monitoring to see if customers dwell over a product area. It also ensures goods are secured from being stolen and thus thefts can be prevented.
Internet Of Things (IoT) is advancing and in near future it will be able to capture almost all application areas. It is predicted that the IoT market will reach $1111.3 Billion by 2026. It also presents opportunities for new business models as well.